Hamidreza Azizi
Hamidreza Azizi, a Lecturer at Shahid Beheshti University, is Fellow at The IRAS Institute.
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Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan meet at the Black Sea resort of Sochi, Russia, Feb. 14, 2019. Sergei Chirikov/Pool via REUTERS
7 Mar 2019 19:04

Hamidreza Azizi

For Iran, the Latest Sochi Summit Was Not Just About Syria

On Feb. 14, the presidents of Russia, Iran and Turkey held a summit in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi to discuss the latest developments in Syria and coordinate their activities in the war-torn country. The summit — the fourth of its kind within the framework of the Astana Peace ...

 
Iran and the Eurasian Transport Initiatives: Short-term Challenges, Long-term Opportunities
21 Feb 2019 21:07

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran and the Eurasian Transport Initiatives: Short-term Challenges, Long-term Opportunities

Introduction As a country with rich energy resources, Iran has, in its contemporary history, always been dependent on oil and gas revenues for economic growth and development. Although the availability of energy resources is basically considered a blessing for any country, which can provide the ...

 
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are followed by Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and French President Emmanuel Macron outside the Vahdettin Mansion during a summit on Syria in Istanbul, Turkey, Oct. 27, 2018.
15 Nov 2018 20:59

Hamidreza Azizi

Why Iran Did Not Attend the Europe-Russia-Turkey Summit on Syria

The leaders of Turkey, Russia, France and Germany met Oct. 27 in Istanbul for a summit to discuss the ongoing developments regarding the Syrian crisis. In a final statement issued after the summit, the four sides emphasized Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity as well as the necessity ...

 
The national security advisers of Afghanistan, China, Iran, India and Russia held the first meeting of the Iran-sponsored Regional Security Dialogue, Tehran, Sept. 26, 2018.
Getty Images
11 Oct 2018 07:24

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran ‘Look East’ Policy 2.0

Tehran hosted national security and deputy national security advisers from China, India, Russia and Afghanistan on Sept. 26, in what was billed as the first Regional Security Dialogue. According to Keyvan Khosravi, spokesman for the Iranian Supreme National Security Council, the one-day meeting, initiated ...

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin (L), Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (C) and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) attend a press conference after meeting in Tehran on September 7, 2018
13 Sep 2018 21:05

Hamidreza Azizi

Tehran Summit and the Future of the Iranian-Turkish-Russian Triangle

On September 7, Tehran, hosted the latest round of talks between the Iranian, Russian and Turkish presidents within the framework of the “Astana Peace Process” regarding Syria. As it was the case in their previous meetings, all of the three heads of states reaffirmed their joint commitment ...

 
Syrian government supporters wave Syrian, Iranian and Russian flags as they chant slogans against US President Trump during demonstrations following a wave of US, British and French military strikes to punish President Bashar Assad for suspected chemical attack against civilians, in Damascus, Syria, April 14, 2018. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
15 Aug 2018 22:06

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran Readjusts Its Syria Strategy amid Russia’s Changing Role

As the Syrian government is now in full control of most parts of the war-torn country, the role of Iran, as a main ally of President Bashar al-Assad, appears to be undergoing significant change.   On Aug. 1, the Russian president’s special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, said Iranian ...

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin (2nd R) speaks with Ali Akbar Velayati (2nd L), foreign policy advisor to Iran supreme leader, during a meeting at the Novo-Ogarevo residence, outside Moscow, on July 12, 2018.
27 Jul 2018 11:13

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran’s Maneuvers to Protect Its Interests in Syria

The Finnish capital, Helsinki, turned into the main center for international diplomacy July 16 by hosting a long-awaited summit between US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin. Meanwhile, as Iran and Syria topped the agenda of the two presidents’ discussions at ...

 
An Iranian flag flutters on a truck carrying humanitarian aid in Deir ez-Zor, Syria, Sept. 20, 2017. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki
13 Jul 2018 14:15

Hamidreza Azizi

Why Putin Won’t Throw Iran under the Bus in Syria?

The Finnish capital of Helsinki will host a summit July 16 between US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. Amid preparations for the meeting, speculation has been raised about the topics that may be discussed by the two presidents. Although the formal agenda has yet to ...

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) meets with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit in Qingdao, China, June 9, 2018. 
Alexander Zemlianichenko/Pool via REUTERS
16 Jun 2018 08:54

Hamidreza Azizi

How Russia-Israel Engagement Is Benefiting Iran

On June 9, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani met with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s annual summit in the Chinese city of Qingdao. Among the issues discussed in the meeting, the two sides touched upon their regional cooperation, especially ...

 
Hamidreza Azizi:
3 May 2018 21:18

Hamidreza Azizi: 'Moscow to Pursue More Independent Path toward Political Settlement in Syria'

Following the US-led airstrikes against Syria, the three Astana partners are expected to revise their common goals, as well as previous agreements. This is especially important because Turkey distanced itself from Russia and Iran, declaring support for the US attack. Therefore, if they fail to reach ...

 
Iran
16 Apr 2018 07:56

Hamidreza Azizi & Mostafa Najafi

Iranian-Turkish-Russian Triangle in Syria

Long before taking the form of modern nation-states, Iran, Russia, and Turkey had a long imperial history. All the three countries have in some periods experienced levels of Western influence, but none has been completely gone under the domination of the west and as such, the West has never recognized ...

 
© 2018 Kayhan Ozer/Pool Photo via AP
10 Apr 2018 07:31

Hamidreza Azizi

What Putin’s Visit to Ankara Tells Us about Russia’s Relations with Turkey and Iran

On April 4, the Turkish capital Ankara hosted the presidents of Iran and Russia, who, together with their Turkish counterpart, held the second trilateral summit of Astana Process on the Syrian settlement. Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived in Turkey the day before to attend the seventh meeting ...

 
What Are Ankara’s Options after Taking over Afrin?
1 Apr 2018 15:44

Hamidreza Azizi

What Are Ankara’s Options after Taking over Afrin?

Since the very beginning of its new military adventure in Syria, the Turkish government had declared that its main goal is to secure the areas close to its borders in north-western parts of Aleppo province and to prevent the Kurdish groups – which are deemed by Turkey as terrorists – to ...

 
Turkish Foreign Affairs Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu (L), President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (2nd R), Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (2nd L) and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (3rd L) attend a meeting after the ninth round of Syria peace talks in Astana, Kazakhstan on March 16, 2018
18 Mar 2018 08:24

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran and Russia in Central Asia and the Caucasus: Areas of Cooperation and Causes of Conflict

As two regions at the immediate neighborhood of both Iran and Russia, Central Asia and the Caucasus have always been of special interest for Tehran and Moscow alike. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the areas of converging and diverging interests between the two countries as well as the factors ...

 
A Turkish soldier is seen in an armored personnel carrier at a checkpoint near the Turkish-Syrian border in Kilis province, Turkey, Jan. 29, 2018.  © REUTERS/Murad Sezer
10 Feb 2018 01:09

Hamidreza Azizi

How Iran Sees Turkey’s Military Operation in Northern Syria

The Turkish military operation in Afrin against Kurdish fighters has sparked different reactions among various parties involved in Syria, based on how each actor interprets the goals and implications of Ankara’s unilateral move. While the United States has appeared to be against the operation,...

 
Russian sappers welcomed at the International Mine Action Centre of the Russian Armed Forces near the village of Nakhabino; on December 11, 2017 Russia
25 Dec 2017 22:38

Hamidreza Azizi & Yulia Sveshnikova

War of Interests for Peace in Syria

Optimists in the media have already dubbed the negotiations between Vladimir Putin, Hassan Rouhani and Recep Erdogan that took place on November 22, 2017 in Sochi a landmark event, calling it a “Breakthrough in the Syrian question thanks to the Moscow–Tehran–Ankara axis.” But ...

 
Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) shakes hands with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (R) during their meeting on December 11, 2017 in Cairo, Egypt
23 Dec 2017 15:11

Hamidreza Azizi

Three Reasons why Putin’s Visits to Egypt and Turkey Were Important

Russian President Vladimir Putin’s quick tour to three Middle Eastern countries on December 11 was in fact a symbol of how quickly Russia has managed to regain the influence it used to enjoy in the region. The big picture of the trip was overshadowed by Putin’s unannounced visit to Russia’...

 
Lt Gen Sergei Rudskoi (C back), Chief of the Main Operational Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, speaks during a press briefing on the final stage of Russia
8 Dec 2017 16:13

Hamidreza Azizi

Iranian Concern over Russia’s Multilayered Syrian Diplomacy

The Russian Black Sea resort city of Sochi, widely known for its tourist attractions, has recently turned into a diplomatic hub, with dialogue over the Syrian crisis now serving as its main international attraction. On Nov. 22, the presidents of Russia, Iran, and Turkey attended a trilateral summit ...

 
Iraqi Kurds take part in a demonstration at Arbil airport, in the capital of Iraq
6 Oct 2017 23:15

Hamidreza Azizi

Kurdish Referendum Tests Iran-Turkey-Russia Axis

Less than two months after Iran’s Chief of General Staff Maj. Gen. Mohammad Hossein Bagheri paid a rare official visit to Ankara, his Turkish counterpart, Gen. Hulusi Akar, visited Tehran on Oct. 2 to meet high-ranking Iranian officials and discuss bilateral and regional issues. However, although ...

 
General Staff of the Armed Forces of Iran, Mohammad Bagheri (C) and Chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces Hulusi Akar (L) review the troops during his official visit at the Turkish General Staff headquarters in Ankara, on August 15, 2017
26 Sep 2017 21:06

Hamidreza Azizi

New Chapter in Iran-Turkey Ties Could Have Major Impact on Syria

For more than six years, the regional rivalry between Iran and Turkey and their support of different sides of the Syrian civil war have been major obstacles to finding a political solution to the Syrian conflict. However, the recent rapprochement between Tehran and Ankara has renewed hopes for the ...

 
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