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President Vladimir Putin of Russia, Hassan Rouhani of Iran and Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey attend a news conference following their meeting in Tehran, Iran, Sept. 7, 2018.
© Kirill Kudryavtsev/REUTERS
11 Feb 2019 10:25

Hamidreza Azizi

Israel Role in Iran-Russia Partnership in Syria

With the presidents of Iran, Russia and Turkey slated to attend a new round of Syria peace talks within the Astana framework on Feb. 14, the relationship between Tehran and Moscow — two main allies of the Syrian government in its eight years of fighting against rebel and terrorist groups —...

The national security advisers of Afghanistan, China, Iran, India and Russia held the first meeting of the Iran-sponsored Regional Security Dialogue, Tehran, Sept. 26, 2018.
Getty Images
11 Oct 2018 07:24

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran ‘Look East’ Policy 2.0

Tehran hosted national security and deputy national security advisers from China, India, Russia and Afghanistan on Sept. 26, in what was billed as the first Regional Security Dialogue. According to Keyvan Khosravi, spokesman for the Iranian Supreme National Security Council, the one-day meeting, initiated ...

Servicemen take part in the joint multinational military exercise
21 Sep 2018 19:03

Hossein Asgarian

Russia's Reaction to Georgia’s Possible Accession to NATO

Russia's Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev showed a very sharp reaction on August 16, 2018 to reports about the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) planning joint military drills with Georgia. He said possible accession of Georgia to this Western military alliance would be catastrophic and ...

Syrian government supporters wave Syrian, Iranian and Russian flags as they chant slogans against US President Trump during demonstrations following a wave of US, British and French military strikes to punish President Bashar Assad for suspected chemical attack against civilians, in Damascus, Syria, April 14, 2018. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
15 Aug 2018 22:06

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran Readjusts Its Syria Strategy amid Russia’s Changing Role

As the Syrian government is now in full control of most parts of the war-torn country, the role of Iran, as a main ally of President Bashar al-Assad, appears to be undergoing significant change.   On Aug. 1, the Russian president’s special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, said Iranian ...

An Iranian flag flutters on a truck carrying humanitarian aid in Deir ez-Zor, Syria, Sept. 20, 2017. REUTERS/Omar Sanadiki
13 Jul 2018 14:15

Hamidreza Azizi

Why Putin Won’t Throw Iran under the Bus in Syria?

The Finnish capital of Helsinki will host a summit July 16 between US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. Amid preparations for the meeting, speculation has been raised about the topics that may be discussed by the two presidents. Although the formal agenda has yet to ...

Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) meets with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit in Qingdao, China, June 9, 2018. 
Alexander Zemlianichenko/Pool via REUTERS
16 Jun 2018 08:54

Hamidreza Azizi

How Russia-Israel Engagement Is Benefiting Iran

On June 9, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani met with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s annual summit in the Chinese city of Qingdao. Among the issues discussed in the meeting, the two sides touched upon their regional cooperation, especially ...

What Are Ankara’s Options after Taking over Afrin?
1 Apr 2018 15:44

Hamidreza Azizi

What Are Ankara’s Options after Taking over Afrin?

Since the very beginning of its new military adventure in Syria, the Turkish government had declared that its main goal is to secure the areas close to its borders in north-western parts of Aleppo province and to prevent the Kurdish groups – which are deemed by Turkey as terrorists – to ...

Peace in Afghanistan Needs Afghans
10 Mar 2018 08:05

Syed Zafar Mehdi

Peace in Afghanistan Needs Afghans' Engagement

  It’s the first time since 2015 that ‘peace talks’ are in news. In July 2015, Afghan officials and Taliban representatives held peace parleys in the Pakistani mountainous resort Murree, which unfortunately failed to make headway because of change of leadership in the Afghan ...

Members of Free Syrian Army (FSA) attack to hit PYD/PKK positions after the Turkish Armed Forces and FSA liberated the village of Diwan Al Fawqani, located at southwest of Afrin
18 Feb 2018 22:06

Qasem Mohebali

How Turkey Was Deceived in Syria’s Afrin?

About weeks after Turkey started its military operation in Syria’s Afrin region, it seems that Ankara has so far failed to achieve its goals through this operation. During recent days, Turkey’s military advances in northern Syria have remarkably slowed down and its forces have suffered ...

A Turkish soldier is seen in an armored personnel carrier at a checkpoint near the Turkish-Syrian border in Kilis province, Turkey, Jan. 29, 2018.  © REUTERS/Murad Sezer
10 Feb 2018 01:09

Hamidreza Azizi

How Iran Sees Turkey’s Military Operation in Northern Syria

The Turkish military operation in Afrin against Kurdish fighters has sparked different reactions among various parties involved in Syria, based on how each actor interprets the goals and implications of Ankara’s unilateral move. While the United States has appeared to be against the operation,...

16 Jan 2018 22:02

Alireza Nouri

The Pattern of Active Balance and Deterrence in Iran-Russia Relations in Syria

One of the major deficiencies in Iran-Russia relations during the post-Soviet period is its instability and the fact that it is influenced by third variables, especially the “West”. Therefore, a question has always been raised whether a stable basis can be defined for these relations? ...

Factors behind Escalation of the Crisis in Afghanistan
29 Dec 2017 17:36

Mohammad Taqi Jahanbakhsh

Factors behind Escalation of the Crisis in Afghanistan

During recent months, Afghanistan has been entangled in conflicts, which have had remarkable effects in various fields. Their domestic effects include weakening of the national unity government, further widening of ethnic gaps, intensification of political competitions, prevention or weakening of ...

Security and Sustainable Development in Central Asia
17 Nov 2017 20:12

Javad Zarif

Security and Sustainable Development in Central Asia

The beautiful city of Samarkand has always been a link that connects various ethnicities and Persian, Uzbek and Tajik communities. The city has also been a junction linking East and West through the Silk Road, and been considered as the center of civilization in the historical and cultural fields ...

General Staff of the Armed Forces of Iran, Mohammad Bagheri (C) and Chief of the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces Hulusi Akar (L) review the troops during his official visit at the Turkish General Staff headquarters in Ankara, on August 15, 2017
26 Sep 2017 21:06

Hamidreza Azizi

New Chapter in Iran-Turkey Ties Could Have Major Impact on Syria

For more than six years, the regional rivalry between Iran and Turkey and their support of different sides of the Syrian civil war have been major obstacles to finding a political solution to the Syrian conflict. However, the recent rapprochement between Tehran and Ankara has renewed hopes for the ...

15 Sep 2017 22:22

Hassan Beheshtipour

Iranian-Russian Deep-rooted Ties

Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif official visit to Sochi, Russia, and his meeting with Russian President Putin can be considered from a number of perspectives, and some goals can be assumed for them. In this regard, it is necessary to mention a few points:   1. It is natural that political ...

U.S. President Donald Trump gestures before delivering remarks on Americas military involvement in Afghanistan at the Fort Myer military base on August 21, 2017 in Arlington, Virginia
6 Sep 2017 05:35

Mohsen Pakaeen

Threats of New US Afghanistan Strategy

Withdrawing from President Trump’s positions announced during the presidential elections, the United States insisted on a continued presence in Afghanistan and the desire to increase its troops. Announcing the US administration’s new strategy on August 21, Donald Trump vowed to increase ...

US Vice President Mike Pence addresses servicemen of US and Georgian troops participating in the joint multinational military exercise
20 Aug 2017 20:14

Mohsen Pakaeen

Tensions between The US and Russia in the Caucasus

The consequences of successive tensions in the relationship between the US and Russia can also be seen in the Caucasus region. US Vice President Mike Pence visited Georgia first of August, 2017 to participate in the NATO exercise. The exercise was held in Georgia with the presence of the NATO members ...

U.S. President Donald Trump meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin during their bilateral meeting at the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany July 7, 2017
8 Jul 2017 09:27

Hamidreza Azizi

US Escalation in Syria Strengthens Iran-Russia Partnership

Six years after the outbreak of civil war in Syria, the eastern part of the country has become a critical hotspot that could determine the balance of power between the various domestic and international forces involved.   While the United States is becoming increasingly assertive in keeping ...

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (C) meets with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran Muhammed Cevad Zarif (L) at Presidential Complex in Ankara, Turkey on June 07, 2017
12 Jun 2017 09:06

Vali Golmohammadi

Qatar Crisis: Beginning of Cooperation between Iran and Turkey?

Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, visited Ankara on June 7 on a not predetermined trip to meet with the Turkish authorities, especially President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Mevlut Cavusoglu, Turkish Foreign Minister, on common regional issues. On the reasons for his visit ...

Russian President Vladimir Putin shakes hands with Saudi Deputy Crown Prince and Defense Minister Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud on May 30, 2017 in Moscow, Russia
5 Jun 2017 09:36

Mahmoud Shoori

Saudi Arabia’s Efforts to Take Moscow Away from Tehran

Saudi Defense Minister’s recent visit to Russia and his meeting with President Putin can be evaluated in different ways. At first glance, it should be noted that in recent years Russia and Saudi Arabia have tried to strengthen their bilateral relations in the economic, political and weapons ...