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Russian President Vladimir Putin (2nd L) attends a ceremony marking the 1030th anniversary of the adoption of Christianity by Prince Vladimir, the leader of Kievan Rus, a loose federation of Slavic tribes that preceded the Russian state, in Moscow on July 28, 2018.
10 Aug 2018 21:05

Çağdaş Duman

Ethnic Problems in Georgia and Russia

In the Caucasus geography, so many ethnical factors have been living through the centuries. Georgia is a small Caucasian mosaic as demographic. These ethnical differences make Georgia politics weak. After the collapse of the Soviets, Russia Federation has attempted to fill the authority gap appearing ...

In this photograph taken on December 23, 2017, Afghan school children play at an open-air school at the Gambiri Refugee Camp in Laghman province
16 Feb 2018 12:59

Hesamoddin Hojjatzadeh

Crisis of Afghan Turk Schools

Closing down of the so-called Afghan Turk schools in various cities of Afghanistan by the National Directorate of Security (NDS) over past months has turned into a hot topic in political and diplomatic circles and also among experts. At the present time, this issue has become more complicated after ...

A woman pushes a stroller while passing by a billboard with an image of Russia
26 Jan 2018 21:41

Hanif Ghafari

The United States and the Upcoming Russian Presidential Election

Russia's national election is being held while the United States is trying to interfere in its internal affairs.   In other words, the Russian authorities have repeatedly warned the United States about Russia's internal affairs. Recently Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned US ...

29 Oct 2017 22:51

Mohsen Shariatinia

Chinese Reforms Have Turned Forty: Any Shift in Paradigm?

The 19th Communist Party Congress was held last week. The significance of the Congress and its outcomes lies in one point: the change or continuity in the reform paradigm. Understanding what is happening at the 19th Communist Party Congress is not possible without knowing what happened at the Third ...

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu (L) and Azerbaijani Minister of Culture and Tourism Abulfaz Garayev (2nd L) attend the opening ceremony of Contemporary Turkish Painters Exhibition held for 25th anniversary of the diplomatic relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan in Baku, Azerbaijan on September 06, 2017
20 Sep 2017 23:37

Mohsen Pakaeen

Turkish Cultural Influence in Azerbaijan

The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 created a great opportunity for Turkey to be fully present in the five republics of Central Asia and the Caucasus - Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. In fact, Turkey, as the only Turkish- speaking country in the world, has tried ...

Pedestrians pass a Bank Otkritie FC bank branch in Moscow, Russia, on Thursday, Aug. 31, 2017
1 Sep 2017 23:29

Farhad Parand

A New Level in Iranian-Russian Economic Relationship: Opportunities and Challenges

Within Iran's neighborhood, Russia's big consumer market is one of top priorities for Tehran to develop its economic and commercial ties. Reading economic history of Iran and Russia, one realizes the ebb and flow of bilateral trade performances. Recent deterioration of Russian relationship ...

Iraqi Kurdistan
6 Aug 2017 19:47

Afifeh Abedi

Russia and Referendum on Independence of the Kurdistan Region

It is generally believed that the referendum on the independence of the Kurdistan region is not just a local issue, and not only will it be the beginning for the breakdown of Iraq, but also it will create a similar threat to its neighbors. For this reason, the announcement of the date of the referendum ...

Azerbaijan’s Week of Culture was kicked off with the presence of Iranian and Azerbaijani officials, as well as more than sixty Azeri artists on July 4, 2017 in Tehran, Iran.
11 Jul 2017 23:34

Mohsen Pakaeen

A Good Start for the Cultural Interactions between Tehran and Baku

In the past week, an important event took place in the Iranian culture. Azerbaijan’s Week of Culture was held with the presence of Abulfas Garayev, Minister of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan, and more than sixty Azeri artists in the Iranian cities of Tehran, Isfahan and Ardabil.   Four ...

Amateur still photo of Iranian and Tajik officials celebrating for opening Iran
3 Jul 2017 07:55

Hamidreza Azizi

Roots of Cold Ties between Iran and Tajikistan

Looking at the general trend of relations between Iran and Tajikistan since the collapse of the Soviet Union shows that the level of relations between the two countries has always been far removed from existing capacities. In particular, over the past two years, this has become more conspicuous than ...

A man arrives to cast his vote during the first Parliamentary elections after the referendum in Yerevan, Armenia on April 02, 2017
13 Apr 2017 20:48

Vali Kaleji

Long Season of Republicanism in Armenia

The sixth parliamentary elections in Armenia was held on April 2, 2017 to choose the composition of the National Assembly, as Armenians call it “Azgayin zhoghov”, but this election was more than anything affected by the amendments to the constitution of Armenia and the political restructuring ...

Dancers perform during the Newroz celebrations around the Maiden Tower in Baku, Azerbaijan on March 18, 2017
18 Mar 2017 20:52

Bahram Amirahmadian

Nowruz, a Ritual for Thanking God for His Blessings

  Ze kuy-e yār miāyad nasim-e bād Nowruzi. Az in bād ar madad khāhi cherāgh-e del bar afruzi.                                  ...

On Recent Unrest in Kyrgyzstan
11 Mar 2017 12:30

Mohammad Alavizadeh

On Recent Unrest in Kyrgyzstan

  Kyrgyzstan once again witnessed protests and political confrontation between the groups supporting and opposing the central government in Bishkek, but this time, the presidential palace also hosted one of the most serious external elements affecting the domestic processes, i.e., the Russian ...

11 Feb 2017 10:31

Behrouz Ghezel

Turkmenistan Presidential Election: Could We Expect Change?

  The presidential election of Turkmenistan on February 12, 2017 is interesting for some reasons. This is the first time three different parties have introduced their candidates for the presidential election in Turkmenistan. This round of election has witnessed so far the presence of the largest ...

© Flickr Hive Mind
29 Jan 2017 22:44

Behrouz Ghezel

Tribal Social System and Political Stability in Turkmenistan

  Tribal social structure in the Turkmen community has unique and interesting features. Throughout history, the Turkmen tribes and even clans have always been recognized from each other by distinct identities; at the same time, at times they have been united against a foreign enemy, and have shown ...

30 Dec 2016 17:57

Behrouz Ghezel

Uncertainty over the Only Central Asian Parliamentary System: Changes to the Constitution in Kyrgyzstan

Due to the political developments in recent years, it is probably not far-fetched to hear news about changes to the constitution in the countries in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Constitutional amendments in the Republic of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan are recent examples of these developments ...

New Sufism and the Unexpected Effect of Fundamentalism in Central Asia
28 Dec 2016 15:30

Behrouz Ghezel

New Sufism and the Unexpected Effect of Fundamentalism in Central Asia

In “Sufism” literature and in historical studies related to different periods of the communities’ tendency toward mysticism, Sufism and Sufi order (though specialists in this field distinguish between these terms), the important characteristic is the concurrent governing spirit of ...

Uzbek President-elect Shavkat Mirziyoyev (L) receives certificate of election from the Central election committee Mirza-Ulugbek Abdusalomov, during his inauguration ceremony at the parliament in Tashkent, Uzbekistan on December 14, 2016
24 Dec 2016 17:29

Mohammad Alavizadeh

Temporary Change in Strategies of Uzbekistan in the Transition Period to Mirziyoyev

  After the death of Karimov, Uzbekistan’s foreign policy has produced a new literature these days in some expert circles which analyzes the change and reform of past trends of Tashkent, and hopes to see a convergent environment created in the Central Asia in the future. Clearly, this happens ...

Muslim devotees take part in a mourning procession marking the day of Ashura in Baku, Azerbaijan on October 12, 2015. Shiite Muslims are observing the Ashura, the tenth day of the first Islamic month of Muharram, to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, a grandson of the Prophet Mohammed, in the Iraqi city of Karbala in the seventh century.
26 Oct 2016 12:22

Shuaib Bahman

Muharram Mourning Ceremonies in Central Asia

Commemoration of Imam Husayn's uprising has unique features in each of the countries of Central Asia. These features depend on the country's ethnic and religious characteristics as well as population size and distribution. For example, the people of Tajikistan have a strong cultural connection ...