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Iran and the Eurasian Transport Initiatives: Short-term Challenges, Long-term Opportunities
21 Feb 2019 21:07

Hamidreza Azizi

Iran and the Eurasian Transport Initiatives: Short-term Challenges, Long-term Opportunities

Introduction As a country with rich energy resources, Iran has, in its contemporary history, always been dependent on oil and gas revenues for economic growth and development. Although the availability of energy resources is basically considered a blessing for any country, which can provide the ...

1 Feb 2019 19:46

Ramin Nadimi

Russia's New Efforts to Gain Influence in Africa

Since a few years ago, Russia has been launching a great effort to bolster its standing in Africa and it seems that Moscow has had some achievements in this regard, especially in the northern and central parts of that continent and the Horn of Africa. The Russian Federation is apparently trying to ...

A worker checks on the United Arab Emirates and China national flags for a bilateral meeting between UAE
7 Oct 2018 09:44

Ehsan Sadeqi

China’s Active Diplomacy in the Persian Gulf and its Effect on Iran's National Interests

Before Xi Jinping became president of China in 2012, the country’s strategy toward the Persian Gulf region was generally a strategy based on China’s considerable need to energy resources, given the fact that China was considered a developing country. Therefore, there was a generally one-...

Russian President Vladimir Putin (L), Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (C) and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R) attend a press conference after meeting in Tehran on September 7, 2018
13 Sep 2018 21:05

Hamidreza Azizi

Tehran Summit and the Future of the Iranian-Turkish-Russian Triangle

On September 7, Tehran, hosted the latest round of talks between the Iranian, Russian and Turkish presidents within the framework of the “Astana Peace Process” regarding Syria. As it was the case in their previous meetings, all of the three heads of states reaffirmed their joint commitment ...

24 Jul 2018 22:17

Hamed Kazemzadeh

JCPOA and Iran-Azerbaijan Economic Ties

Introduction Azerbaijan plays a central and decisive role in Iran’s regional policies in the Caucasus, and relations are shaped by a range of different factors including geographical and geopolitical proximity, ethnic and religious commonalities, economic ties, Azeri-speaking communities in ...

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani (C) with Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov President of Turkmenistan (2L), Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (R) and India
3 Apr 2018 19:42

Jafar Haghpanah

Requirements for Making TAPI Pipeline Operational

TAPI Pipeline project has once again come to life after a period of stoppage. One of the reasons for the resumption of this project is that, at the present time, the Afghan government needs to conduct an extensive propaganda campaign on the implementation of projects like this. Kabul is using this ...

President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani (R), Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi (L) and President of Iran Hassan Rouhani (C) are seen as they signed Chabahar transit agreement in Tehran, Iran on May 23, 2016
22 Mar 2018 17:35

Bahram Amirahmadian

Chabahar: Symbol of Iran's Resolve to Develop the Region

Iran's southeastern Chabahar port can be seen from two viewpoints. From the viewpoint of developing less-developed regions of Iran, it shows that in their drive to develop the southeastern part of the country, the Iranian government and nation are resolved to create a developed zone on a territory,...

U.S. President Donald Trump, left, and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, walk past an honor guard during a welcoming ceremony at the presidential Blue House in Seoul, South Korea, on Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2017
7 Feb 2018 05:45

Mohammad Zare

US Return to Old Policy in East Asia

The East Asia region and its developments – especially developments related to two key players in that region; that is, China and North Korea – have been among mental priorities of US President Donald Trump since he launched his election campaign. Therefore, he tried during the first few ...

Washington Strategy towards Chinese OBOR
22 Jan 2018 09:35

Hossein Asgarian

Washington Strategy towards Chinese OBOR

At the present time, China is in transition form an important actor in the global economy to a global leader. During the past five decades, this country has turned from a weak country to a powerful state in the international system, and its role has changed from a passive approach in the international ...

31 Dec 2017 21:36

Petr Topychkanov

Russia–Iran Strategic Partnership: Global Scale

The Transformation of the World Order Radical changes are taking place in global politics. From the bipolar world of the Cold War period through the failed project to create a unipolar order, we are now seeing a shift towards a new, polycentric, model of organizing international relations. The United ...

The national flags of China and Russia seen outside the China National Convention Center during the opening ceremony of the One Belt, One Road international forum
26 Oct 2017 08:16

Saadat Hassan

Eurasian Integration through OBOR: Implication for Russia

In the past decade, both Russia and China have launched some regional projects that are promoted as a means to strengthen linkages with neighboring states. The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) joins member states in an integrated single market providing the free movement of goods, capital, services, ...

1 Oct 2017 21:55

Saadat Hassan

CPEC Geo-economics Strategy for Greater Eurasia

Historically, Iran and Pakistan enjoyed friendly relations and this relationship has noticeably improved in the recent years. The two countries have been successful in harmonizing their differences over Afghanistan where they have no more to enter into contestation, given Iran’s reconciliation ...

Pedestrians pass a Bank Otkritie FC bank branch in Moscow, Russia, on Thursday, Aug. 31, 2017
1 Sep 2017 23:29

Farhad Parand

A New Level in Iranian-Russian Economic Relationship: Opportunities and Challenges

Within Iran's neighborhood, Russia's big consumer market is one of top priorities for Tehran to develop its economic and commercial ties. Reading economic history of Iran and Russia, one realizes the ebb and flow of bilateral trade performances. Recent deterioration of Russian relationship ...

This image was taken near Chakchak (Temple of Fire), most sacred of the mountain shrines of Zoroastrianism, near Ardakan, Yazd province, Isfahan Province, Iran, in December 2015
12 Aug 2017 00:38

Bahram Amirahmadian

Development of Iran's Regional and Trans-Regional Transportation Routes: Perspectives for Partnership

As a stable country in the turbulent Middle East region, the Islamic Republic of Iran enjoys a remarkable position to play a better role in this region. Iran's land routes (including road and rail), air and marine routes are endowed with good infrastructure and are perhaps without parallel in ...

23 Jul 2017 20:35

Behrouz Ghezel

Return of Turkmenistan: Result of “Geopolitical Inevitability”

The relations between Iran and Turkmenistan in recent times have experienced periodic ups and downs. The opening of the Kazakhstan- Turkmenistan- Iran railway (920 km) in 2014 as the North-South Rail Corridor along the eastern side of the Caspian Sea, which almost 700 kilometers of ...

29 May 2017 08:54

Çağdaş Duman

Shanghai Cooperation Organization And Turkey

For the first time in history, an empire, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), collapsed by not giving a great battle. So, nations separated from RSFSR have been independent without waging war.  Nations which gained independency at the end of the collapse process of RSFSR that ...

Chinese President Xi Jinping prepares to deliver a speech during a welcome banquet for the Belt and Road Forum at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on May 14, 2017
14 May 2017 21:43

Saadat Hassan

OBOR: Infrastructure, Investment & Connectivity

The Silk Road Economic Belt concept was introduced by Chinese President Xi Jinping during his visit to Kazakhstan in September 2013. In a speech delivered at Nazarbayev University, Xi suggested that China and Central Asia cooperate to build a Silk Road Economic Belt. It was the first time the Chinese ...

8 May 2017 11:22

Sadegh Sadeghpour

Aras Free Zone and Its Potentials for Expanding Iran-Russia Economic Cooperation

  Aras Free Zone is an environment ready for the bilateral and multilateral economic cooperation between Iran and Russia and the countries of the South Caucasus. Aras Free Zone with an area of 51,000 hectares of land, relying on its fully prepared investment infrastructure (facilities including ...

22 Apr 2017 10:02

Jahangir Karami

Iran-Russia Strategic Partnership at the New Stage: What Could We Propose To Each Other?

In the past two and half decades, the Iranian-Russian relationships differ vastly compared with those in the 1980s and before. Post-revolutionary, post-war and post-Soviet Russia have been facing different political systems and regional/international settings. On the other hand, Imam Khomeini’...

Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif (R-6), President of Iran Hassan Rouhani (R-5), Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (R-4) and other leaders pose for a photo during the 13th Economy Cooperation Organization Summit in Islamabad, Pakistan on March 1, 2017
26 Mar 2017 11:57

Hamidreza Azizi

ECO and Economic Multilateralism Triangle in Eurasia

  Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital, hosted the 13th Summit of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) on March 1, 2017. At the meeting in which the rotating presidency was given from Azerbaijan to Pakistan, Hassan Rouhani, Iran’s President, also attended, and made a speech. In his ...